Cat5e vs. Cat6

Cat5e vs. Cat6

Most of us have grown accustomed to internet being always on internet access. But, as you know, there's a hardware infrastructure in place that keeps all of that data flowing. One of the essential components is cables - something you probably don't think much about until you are upgrading or renovating your home or office.

Cat Cable Basics

Category cables, also known as Ethernet cables or Cat cables, play an important role in any connected ecosystem. Ethernet cables are those twisted pair wires used for Ethernet networking. Most users will use twisted pair cables with four pairs that are blue, green, orange and brown. But bigger Ethernet cables are also available, up to 100 pairs for backbone operations. 

Not all Cat cables are created equal. They come in different versions that reflect their overall functionality. When it’s time to invest in Cat cables, you’ll want to compare price, speed, frequency and overall performance in order to determine which type of cat cable will best meet your needs. These days, the industry standards are Cat5E, Cat6 and Cat6A. But what’s the difference?

The Pros and Cons of Each Cable

For one thing, Cat6 and 6A cables are more rigid compared with their 5E cousins. An internal spline used in the Cat6 and 6A design separates each of the twisted pairs in the cable. While that may not seem like a big deal, it is. The spline helps to reduce cross-talk and interference between the copper conductors.

A benefit of Cat6 is that it supports much faster data throughput. Cat5e cables support 1 Gigabit Per Second (Gbps) at 100 MHz. While that’s usually plenty of bandwidth for most home and small business. Internet providers are also continually working to increase data delivery speeds to meet the higher demand. Cat6 can support 10 Gbps speeds at 250 MHz.

Cat5E cables can handle runs of up to 328 feet. Cat6 cables only operate at maximum capacity for up to 164 feet, after which they are less efficient. But, don’t worry — Cat6A cables can maintain full speeds of 10 Gbps for up to 328 feet.

Choosing the Right Cable

If you’re just replacing a few cables or making minor upgrades, Cat5E may make sense. You can mix the three types of cables in the same network. All of them use the standard RJ45 connectors that plug into any Ethernet jack.

The bottom line is that is if you want to economize, Cat5E cables are a bit more budget-friendly. While Cat6 and 6A cables are typically 10 percent to 20 percent more expensive than Cat5E, that premium price comes with significantly better performance. Investing a few extra bucks in Cat6 or 6A is a way to future-proof your network so that it can take advantage of faster data flows when available.

Check out our complete collection of networking cables. 

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